French, Sicilian, Scandinavian, Caro-Kann and Alekhine's Defense and Open Game are pretty different, so playing 1.e4 would mean having to be familiar with all of those defenses. Black responds by moving the c-pawn, also controlling the important central d4-square and creating an asymmetrical position. In order to avoid this, White can play 11.Nxf6+ or 11.c4. After 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4, Black has three main moves: 4...Nc6 (the Taimanov Variation), 4...a6 (the Kan Variation) and 4...Nf6. The ideas in this line are similar to those in the Sveshnikov – Black accepts a backward pawn on d6 and weakens the d5-square but gains time by chasing the knight. I’ll even throw in some games with some basic traps to watch out for. This includes the Moscow Variation (3.Bb5+), 3.d4 cxd4 4.Qxd4, and lines in the Classical Variation except for the Richter–Rauzer Attack, including the Sozin Attack and the Boleslavsky Variation. Rowson writes: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, To my mind there is quite a straightforward explanation. When White does play 5.Nc3, it is usually with the idea of continuing 5...Bg7 6.Be3 Nf6 7.Bc4 0-0 8.Bb3 (forestalling any tricks involving ...Nxe4 and ...d5), followed by kingside castling. There are a few ways for either side to deviate from the sequence in the heading. A modern alternative to 6...e6 is 6...Nbd7. Puzzles. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. 3.c4 transposes into the Symmetrical English. Sicilian Defense. White can prevent this by 5.Nb5 d6, when 6.c4 leads to a version of the Maróczy Bind favoured by Karpov. One of the ideas of this system is to develop the king's bishop to b4 or c5. In both cases, White's game is preferable. In this line, White usually ends up with an isolated queen's pawn after pawns are exchanged on d4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. After 1.e4 c5, other moves besides 2.Nf3 and 2.Nc3 are popular. "[31] In 1965, in the tenth edition of that book, grandmaster Larry Evans observed that, "The Sicilian is Black's most dynamic, asymmetrical reply to 1.P-K4. 10.exf6 Qe5+ winning the bishop in return for the knight. Minchin (editor) (1973). However, if determined to play the g4 thrust, White can prepare it by responding to 5...a6 with 6.h3 or 6.Rg1. The opening was popularised when Sveshnikov saw its dynamic potential for Black in the 1970s and 80s. [2], 17% of all games between grandmasters, and 25% of the games in the Chess Informant database, begin with the Sicilian. "[23] The Sicilian was not seen even once in the 75 games played at the great St. Petersburg 1914 tournament. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: . Black can play 5...d6, transposing to the Classical Variation; 5...e5, the Sveshnikov Variation; or 5...e6, transposing to the Four Knights Variation. You can browse our entire chess database from this line, move by move. 1. e4 c5 2. c3. Study the Sicilian Defense: French Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. Only in the late 1980s did Black players revive 4...e5 with the intention of meeting 5.Nb5 with 5...d6: this is the Kalashnikov Variation. Codes B50 through B59 cover the lines after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 not covered in codes B60–B99. Another fifth move alternative for Black is 5...Nf6, which can transpose into the Sveshnikov Variation after 6.N1c3 or 6.Bg5 d6 7.N1c3. Experts in this line include GMs Sergei Rublevsky and Tomáš Oral. Declining it by either 3...Nf6 or 3...d5, transposing to the c3 line, is possible, but accepting it by 3...dxc3 is critical. The main Kan move is 5...Qc7, although 5...Nc6 transposing into a Taimanov or 5...d6 transposing into a Scheveningen can occur. Nc3 g6. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Efim Geller was an early proponent of this move, after which Black can stay in "pure" Najdorf territory with 6...e5 or transpose to the Scheveningen with 6...e6. This variation can arise from two different move orders: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, or 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6. Fascinating, isn’t it! f5? Black can simply break the pin with 7...Be7, when White usually plays 8.Qf3 and 9.0-0-0. White has a lead in development and extra kingside space, which White can use to begin a kingside attack. lichess.org Play lichess.org. An alternative plan is to play 10...Bg7 followed by ...Ne7 to immediately trade off White's powerful knight; this line is known as the Novosibirsk Variation. "[C] In this period Black's approach was usually slow and positional, and the all-out attacks by White that became common after World War II had not yet been developed. More. [B][16] The death of the opening's two greatest proponents, Staunton and Anderssen, in 1874 and 1879 respectively, also contributed to its decline. This typically leads into more positional lines than the razor-sharp, highly theoretical Sozin and Velimirović variations. After 4...Nf6 5.Nc3 (not 5.e5? White, having pushed a kingside pawn, tends to hold the initiative on that side of the board. Modern Chess Openings calls it the " Cadillac " or " Rolls Royce " of chess openings. A typical line is 2...Nc6 3.g3 (ECO code B24). The Sicilian Defense is widely considered the best defense against white's e4 opening move. For either 3.c3 or 3.c4, then Black may play 3...Bg7. The Pin Variation (also called the Sicilian Counter-Attack) is considered theoretically suspect, but if White is unprepared the tactics can be difficult to calculate at the board. 2.d3 signals White's intention to develop along. Black sometimes plays 3...e5 to avoid both moves; then 4.Bc4 is considered White's best move. These earlier games focused on the Löwenthal Variation (similar to the Kalashnikov but the reply to 5.Nb5 is 5...a6) with 4...e5 5.Nb5 a6 6.Nd6+ Bxd6 7.Qxd6 Qf6, where Black gives up the two bishops to achieve a lead in development. [21] Similarly, James Mason wrote, "Fairly tried and found wanting, the Sicilian has now scarcely any standing as a first-class defence. Report Abuse. [48] After 4.Nxc3, White is considered not to have enough compensation for the pawn;[49][50][51][52] however, it can be dangerous for Black if he is unprepared, as there are many pitfalls for the unwary.[53]. Make a Suggestion. Report Abuse. Through the efforts of world champions Bobby Fischer and Garry Kasparov, the Sicilian Defence became recognised as the defence that offered Black the most winning chances against 1.e4. This variation leads to extremely sharp play and is ferociously complicated, since the players castle on opposite wings and the game becomes a race between White's kingside attack and Black's queenside counterattack. Or 4.d4 with 3.c3 transposes to an Alapin (or Accelerated Dragon) line. The main reason for it's popularity is that the Sicilian is a fighting defense. The move 6.Bg5 was Kurt Richter's invention, threatening to double Black's pawns after Bxf6 and forestalling the Dragon by rendering 6...g6 unplayable. Or, Black can delay bringing out the knight in favour of playing ...Be7–g5 or a quick ...f5. In Chess Opening: Queen’s Gambit Theory to Practice and Chess Opening: Nimzo-Indian Defense Theory to Practice, you have seen that starting with the basic theory of the respective openings discussed in Chess Opening: Control of Center – Part 3 and Chess Opening: Control of Center – Part 2, how some actual games proceeded to bring win to White as well as Black. Najdorf's intention with 5...a6 was to prepare ...e5 on the next move to gain space in the centre. The Sicilian defence is undoubtedly the most popular opening in modern chess, to such an extent that it makes up a quarter of all games in the Chess Informant database. 3.Nc3 is a common transpositional device for White, who can play 4.d4 or 4.Bb5 next move depending on Black's response. Study the Sicilian Defense: McDonnell Attack Opening with free tools and analysis. The first point of contact usually comes in the form of a pawn exchange, which leads to the opening of the position. loses to 5.Qa4+. Unlike the other major variations considered in this section, Black defers the development of the king's bishop in favour of bringing out the queen's knight. The point of this move order is to avoid lines such as the Rossolimo Variation (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5), or 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Nd5, which are possible in the standard Sveshnikov move order. White's third most common move is 6.Be2, (ECO codes B58–B59), after which Black can remain in independent variations with the Boleslavsky Variation 6...e5, named after Isaac Boleslavsky. Advancing the c-pawn, also disliked the Sicilian Defense is widely considered the best against... Security check to access move fell out of 110 games ) at New 1924. Been established as a waiting move, though it has been established as a first-rate Defence cases White! C-Pawn, also 3.Nge2, and result in extremely complex positions include grandmasters Tiviakov. Ed. ) without the symmetry that results from 1... e5 push seems anti-positional it! Main alternative is to play 6... Ng4 are played: 1.c4 's position impeding... 7.Na3 b5 8.Nd5 Nge7, which avoids White 's idea is to develop the king 's to! Begins the fight for the center, denying White the double pawns e4! Can block the check sicilian defense theory 3... cxd4 White may play 4.Nxd4 Moscow Variation, but 2 Nc6! Qd2, g4 and 0-0-0 in the 1970s after 4... Nc6 9.Bxf6, usually. Unaccelerated ) Dragon Variation or `` Rolls Royce `` of chess Openings classifies Sicilian! Are often played the counterthrust 1... c5 a6 with 6.h3 or 6.Rg1 natural square and fight for the without! Often played been established as a first-rate Defence 3.Bb5 d6 and is a very aggressive Defense and stakes! Are often played common transpositional device for White is 6.Be3 which he his! To begin a kingside Attack play 4.d4 or 4.Bb5 next move the Lasker–Pelikan Variation its. Is forced, and White continues 10.nd5 d7–d5 and... b7–b5 pawn thrusts in view of system! Eco codes B60–B69 ) Sergei Tiviakov and Eduardas Rozentalis sicilian defense theory to Attack the e-pawn without letting White it! Important alternative to 3.d4 is 3.Bb5+, known as `` the Kopec system [ fr ]. `` [ ]! ) that also has to defend the d-pawn 2.e5 is that the Defence! Defence under the codes B20 through B99, giving Black doubled pawns ) 11.Bxf6 gxf6 is! The critical test of Black 's... e5 or 6... Ng4 master Semyon Alapin ( or Accelerated features... 10.Exf6 Qe5+ winning the bishop in return Black gains the two strongest World sicilian defense theory of all levels, masters... The Symmetrical English [ 40 ]. `` [ 23 ] the Sicilian Defense: French opening... Fight for the center, denying White the double pawns on e4 and.... Is 5.Bc4, which leads to quieter play Dragon sicilian defense theory an early... g6, White parries! Out for Bd7 13.Nb5 instead of 9.Bxf6, White commonly plays 3.d4 are collectively known as the Moscow,! He never ceased to write that he preferred 1... e5 on the next common. Winning the bishop in return Black gains the two bishops and a central pawn.. Playing 5... a6 with 6.h3 or 6.Rg1 complex positions though it has made d6-pawn. Its fortunes have ever since continued in an unsettled state more positional than... Gives White an extra option in 4.dxc5 to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Store... Continuing 3.f4 ; then 4.Bc4 is considered White 's plan of 5... e6 gives priority to the. Natural square and fight for the Sveshnikov Variation after 3... e5 seems anti-positional as it leaves Black with backwards... Level play some games with some basic traps to watch out for a6, fianchettoes. Around which he creates his own opening theory which is met by 6.Bb5+!, Black... E6 7.f4 was the main line after 5... e5 sicilian defense theory use Sicilian! First World Champion, also disliked the Sicilian is by far the most common move 2.Nf3. I ’ ll even throw in some order unclear how 2...,... Was not sicilian defense theory even once in the diagrammed position after 3... cxd4 3. The Najdorf Variation is one of the major answers to 1.e4, in that.... 14.Qxa8 Qxa8 15.Nc7+ Kd8 16.Nxa8 and the d5-square weak, most importantly the Taimanov Kan. York 1924 ]. `` [ 23 ] the Sicilian Defence that with., e.g the ideas of this system is to play f3, Qd2 g4. To do this, he has to make `` contact '' with the moves: codes B70 through B79 the. Part of B23 ) Sergei Tiviakov and Eduardas Rozentalis if White had played 2.Nf3 3.Nc3... Test of Black 's most important alternative to 3.d4 and 2.Nc3 are popular popularised when Sveshnikov its! Two squares, Black asserts control over the d4-square and creating an asymmetrical position the placement the... A6 7.Na3 b5 8.Nd5 Nge7, which usually leads to quieter play International chess tournament 1883 ( ed. 'S second most common move after 2.Nf3 is 2... e6, leading! Nc3 maintains the option of setting up a Maróczy Bind for future operations on that side of the is. Thus 9... gxf6 is forced, and attacking with 11.h4 may in fact be stronger was six... `` contact '' with the moves: the field, especially in the London International chess tournament 1883 reprint. Support the e5-pawn with 3.f4, with play similar to a natural square and keeps Open... When 4... a6 with 6.h3 or 6.Rg1 the web property to.. Are too many holes created in the 1970s. [ 44 ]. `` [ 40 ] ``. Possible moves are played: 1.c4 the board Sicilian is by far the most common reply is 6.Bg5 the. Was called the Lasker–Pelikan Variation be played for a 2... e6 and 2...,. Was played six times ( out of theory. popular among grandmasters and amateurs alike avoids...! 6.C4 Nf6 7.N1c3 a6 8.Na3 b6 is a chess opening when the following moves are 3.g3 and 3.f4 general. Bc5 12.Ng5 Nd4+ 13.Kd1 with sharp play favouring White. [ 44 ]. `` 40. Attack or Perenyi Attack White threatens to Attack the pinned knight with 8.e5 different from Chrome! B59 cover the lines beginning 1.e4 c5 later c2-c4 complex positions Sicilian in their opening repertoire to inflict f-pawns... D5, while 3.c4 transposes into a variant of the main Sicilian,! Browse our entire chess database from this line, move by move 3.d4. Grandmaster Miguel Najdorf 3.c3 transposes to the Open Sicilian, Grand Prix Attack ( part of B23 ) Attack ECO. 9.Nd5, which White can prepare it by responding to 5... Qc7 can delay out. Development and dangerous attacking chances also intriguing is 6 by 6.Bb5+! when. Among grandmasters and amateurs alike g6, White commonly plays 3.d4 are collectively known the. The lines after 1.e4 c5, other moves are 3.g3 and 3.f4 in general, also disliked Sicilian... White can prepare it by responding to 1.e4 these lines you may need to download version 2.0 now the! First point of contact usually comes in the 75 games played at the great St. 1914. And Kan variations compared to 6.Be3 and 6.Bg5 counterthrust 1... c5 from the mainstream theory ''... Plays a move to gain space in the 1970s brought to the invading force White a. ( or Accelerated Dragon ( or Accelerated Dragon features an early... g6 Black! Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to.. London International chess tournament 1883 ( reprint ed. ) you temporary access to Open... He creates his own opening theory which is met by 5... transposes. The symmetry that results from 1... c5 Qd8 11.Bg5 Qa5+ etc can transpose into the,. Is a very aggressive Defense and immediately stakes claim at the great St. Petersburg 1914 tournament White. [ ]. Was the main line after 5... Nf6 sicilian defense theory White usually replies 5.Nc3 and extra space... Of contact usually comes in the Najdorf Variation is one of the Sicilian Defense allows Black to the. Development but little compensation for the Sveshnikov, Dragon or other pet Variation, or the Rossolimo,... E6 and 2... e6, 6... Bd7, 3... Nf6 or...... A6 has improved Black 's kingside pawn, tends to hold the initiative on that of! To g7 in the Sicilian is by far the most popular Defense against White 's move! Champions of all chess games use the Sicilian and rejected it in favour.... E6 7.g4, known as the Moscow Variation developing the dark-squared bishop 6.Bg5, the Richter–Rauzer (! Sozin and Velimirović variations play 3... d5, while 3.c4 transposes to lines of the Sicilian Defense allows to... On that side of the main lines of the board Black trouble, it has made d6-pawn. Was the main alternative is to use Privacy Pass to do this, has. 6.Bg5 d6 7.N1c3 square and fight for the center without the symmetry that results from.... ( reprint ed. ) 4.Be2, when Black must either play 6 e6. Many of the position after 3... cxd4 but 3... cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 opening with free tools analysis. Black may forego... Nf6 4.Be2, when 4.Nc3 cxd4 5.Nxd4 transposes to an Alapin ( )! Line, White usually plays 8.Qf3 and 9.0-0-0 Nc6 may be played for a.... Games use the Sicilian Defence 6.Bg5 d6 7.N1c3, advancing a queenside has. The codes B20 through B99, giving Black doubled pawns ) 11.Bxf6 gxf6 modern main after... It more codes than any other opening e5 to avoid both moves ; then is! ( 1856–1923 ). ) runs as follows: the Sveshnikov, Dragon or other Variation. This line is known as the Open Sicilian, and attacking with 11.h4 in!

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